Lao People's Democratic Republic
A land-locked country in the Indochina peninsula, Laos shares a common border with China’s
Yunnan province in the north, with Vietnam in the east, with Cambodia in the south and on the west with Myanmar and Thailand.
Form of State:
One-party rule by the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP)
The Council of Ministers is the highest executive body and all members of the council are appointed by the chairman of the Council of Ministers (the Prime Minister).
Head of state:
The President, H.E Choummaly Sayasone
A unicameral National Assembly of 132 seats representing 16 provinces and Vientiane capital. Members are elected by popular vote from a list of candidates selected by the Lao People's Revolutionary Party to serve five-year term.
The last National Assembly election took place on April 30th 2011.
The next is due in April 2015
The Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP) dominates the government and bureaucracy.
Vientiane (pronounced as Viang Chan)
236,800 sq km
6.44m (2010, IMF)
Kip (K). Average exchange rate in 2011: K8,044:US$1
US$ 7.5 billion (2010)
GNI Per Capita:
US$ 1050 (2010, World Bank)
Exports: USD 1.746 billion (2010)
Imports: USD 2.061 billion (2010)
USD 703 million (2010)
Agricultural products, copper, tin, gold, iron ore, coal, gypsum, cement, timber, hydro-power, tourism, etc.
Phasa Lao (official), English, French, and various ethnic languages
The main religion is Buddhism which consists of about 65% of the population, Animist – 33%, Christian – 1% and other denominations – 1%
Total land boundary is 5,083 km of which with Myanmar it has 235 km, Cambodia 541 km,
China 423 km, Thailand 1,754 km, Vietnam 2,130
Vientiane (capital) 698,318
Luang Prabang 407,039
Tropical; rainy season, May-October;
Dry season; November-April
7 hours ahead of GMT
October 1st-September 30th